Styrene, also known asÂ vinyl benzene, is anÂ organic compoundÂ with theÂ chemical formulaÂ C6H5CH=CH2. Styrene, the derivative ofÂ benzeneÂ is a colorless oilyÂ liquid, which evaporates easily and has a sweet smell, although high concentrations confer a less pleasant odor. Styrene is the precursor toÂ polystyreneÂ and several copolymers.
StyreneÂ is an organic hydrocarbon used to manufacture rubber and plastic components. Also known asÂ vinylÂ benzene,Â styreneÂ is a colorless liquid that quickly evaporates when exposed to the air. Although it is an aromaticÂ monomerÂ with a slightly sweet smell, its odor can be unpleasant in high concentrations or when mixed with other chemicals. If the molecules of Styrene become linked to form long chains ofÂ styrene, it becomes polystyrene, an aromaticÂ polymer with thermoplastic properties.
While StyreneÂ is manufactured fromÂ petroleumÂ on a commercial scale, it also occurs naturally in certain plants, including fruits, nuts, and vegetables. In fact, Styrene received its name in honor of the Styrax genus of trees that produce a sap from whichÂ benzoinÂ resinÂ is obtained. Its alternate name of vinyl benzene likely stems from the fact that it is synthesized from ethylbenzene, which is the product of benzene and ethylene being subjected to catalytic dehydrogenation. StyreneÂ molecules also contain a vinyl group (ethenyl) that share electrons in a reaction known as covalent bonding. This process is what allows the syntheticÂ chemicalÂ to be made into plastics, such as polystyrene, synthetic rubber, and latex.
|Used To Manufacture Parts For
- Plumbing pipes
- Building materials
- Electrical components
- Plastic drinking cups
- Food storage containers